The archipelago of the San Blas Islands, belongs to the region of Guan Yale or Kuna Yale, is one of the five indigenous districts of Panama, located off the north coast of the Isthmus. It limits to the south with the provinces of Ember and Darién, and to the east with Colombia. The whole region has an approximate extension of 2,300km², on a strip of land of 373 km, in addition to the 365 islands that are the object of our post and that surround the coast. The islands are called Kayo
The archipelago also known as the mulatto archipelago, is composed of 365 small islands, of which only 80 are inhabited. The indigenous people Guna, is the ethnical mistress and mistress of these islands, who autonomously govern and manage their islands. It is a town that stands out for its kindness and for its special sensitivity to art, especially decorative art.
The San Blas Islands have a population of approximately 50,000 inhabitants, with the most populated islands being Abuja Island, Island, Chichimec Island, Yandel Island and El Proventil Island.
Brief History of the Islands
After independence from Spain in 1822, Panama attempted to establish itself as an independent country, but a very difficult economic situation, a poor and unarmed army, and an unceasing concern to be reconquered by Spain were more than enough reasons to give up this Idea of independence, finding as only solution, to join the Great Colombia. Gran Colombia was a kind of league of newly independent countries of Spain, formed by the present Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela and Panama.
After convulsive times and disagreements with the Great Colombia, in 1863 and on the occasion of a series of popular revolts, declares Panama like independent country of Colombia, reason why becoming a sovereign state and federalist in what was called United States of Colombia, composed of Colombia, Panama and parts of Brazil and Peru.
Although it seemed that everything was solved, there was an area that both countries included in their territories, the Coma car Guan Yale. In 1870 Colombia is annexed this land even changing the name of the region of Guna Yale by the one of Tutelage. After the separation of these two nations and the dissolution of the United States of Colombia, the region was isolated and abandoned.
In 1925 and after undergoing the pressures that Panama exerted on the region, tired by the imposition of taxes and very restrictive and unjust laws, the indigenous Kumar revolted against Panama. The revolt ended with the signing of an agreement by which the county would keep much of its own autonomy in order to preserve its ancestral culture, its roots and traditions that had remained intact throughout the centuries.
The Guans have managed to preserve their cultural identity, have managed to preserve their forests and beaches, protecting their legacy from the big hotel and logging companies, preserving what could be the last earthly paradise.
Organization of the Island
The Kuna are very jealous tribes of their culture and roots, with a political organization governed by the Local Congresses, where they deal with the problems that arose in the communities and the General Congresses, to deal with the problems of the region.
The most important political institution is the Unmarked Neoga, or the Great House of Congress, where everything about the community is exposed, consulted, deliberated and executed. Each community has its own Big House Congress. The House of Congress is chaired by the heads of each community or Sails. The Sails are always men, so there has been a lot of pressure recently from women in the community to be more politically active.
In San Blas women dress in colorful blouses made with “springs”, for that they apply pieces of several fabrics, one on top of another, and sew with a special stitch, obtaining intricate and extraordinary designs. Each of the designs is unique and original and reflects the conception of the world, nature and spiritual life of the guns.
Guan families live in small huts called boohoos straw and reeds, the ground is the land on which is built and lack furniture, the place of rest are the traditional hammocks, lack windows and compartmentalization’s as they do not need them, Since the life of these communities is developed abroad.
The main and most important god of Guan culture, was a god called Ibex Or gum. They had a strong Transcendentalist conviction, with the belief of being an essential part of Nature, where the nature of human beings, plants and animals flow between the masculine and feminine energies, since for them the divinity was represented in human form of father and mother.
At present, the power is concentrated in the head of all the Islands that resides in the island called Ecuador or Isla Roca. The Guans are hunters and fishermen, they have strips of land on which to cultivate, located near land, which means that they have to move every day to work their crops, the transport used is the row boat.
Its economy is based mainly on the export of coconuts, cacao and lobster, as well as the incipient tourism that begins to arrive at the islands, thanks to the prolongation of the Pan-American Highway that has managed to bring this wonderful town with civilization. The sale and manufacture of mole is also serving to boost the economy of the islands.
If we look for a place to flee from technologies, messages, emails, calls, as we said, any kind of technology would say “Welcome to the Archipelago of Las Mutates or San Blas Archipelago” and Welcome to the Panamanian Caribbean.
The archipelago of San Blas offers two unique attractions: the unimaginable beauty of the Caribbean islands and the opportunity to visit the hamlets of the Kuna Indians or Cones, to learn about its fascinating culture and way of life.
The archipelago where you can swim and snorkel, dive, kayak or fishing, you can rent them there. The islands have been formed by accumulation of coral, are covered with palm trees and with paradisiac beaches, fine white sand, composed of coral dust and crystal clear waters, free of algae, of a great beauty almost indescribable.
The islands of San Blas or Archipelago of San Blas, enjoy an enviable climatology because for their latitude, they are islands with a tropical climatology, which means that it enjoys mild temperatures throughout the year. Although temperatures are constant, as in any tropical climate, there are times of great rains.